Federal Government Unfolds National Strategic Plan for Flood Management in Nigeria

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The Federal Government of Nigeria has announced the unveiling of a comprehensive National Strategic Plan for Flood Prevention and Management. The plan was developed by the Presidential Committee on Flood, which was established in November 2022 by President Muhammadu Buhari in response to the devastating floods that affected numerous communities and caused significant damage to properties.

This was according to a statement signed and made available to FARMERS VOICE NG by the ministry’s Head of the Press Department, Mrs Funmi Imuetinyan.

During a press briefing in Abuja, the Honourable Minister of Water Resources, Engr. Suleiman H. Adamu, shared details about the report produced by the Presidential Committee. He revealed that President Buhari had tasked the committee with developing strategies to prevent flood disasters in Nigeria within 90 days.

“The committee successfully presented a set of recommendations that, if approved, have the potential to mitigate the impact of future flood disasters in the country” he said

The Minister explained that the committee incorporated the National Flood Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan, which was approved by the Federal Executive Council in 2022 and prepared by the Ministry of Humanitarian Affairs, Disaster Management, and Social Development. The inclusion of this plan emphasizes the need for coordinated efforts among various stakeholders to effectively manage floods and implement the proposed strategies.

The report consists of two volumes: the Administrative Volume and the Action Plan. The Action Plan encompasses all the recommendations for managing flood disasters and includes the National Strategic Plan for Flood Mitigation, a financing mechanism, costing details, and key recommendations.

Three major strategic intervention areas were recommended by the committee. These include the establishment of a National Flood Management Council (NFMC), the declaration of a state of emergency, and the implementation of a comprehensive mitigation and adaptation plan.

The National Flood Management Council, as proposed, will comprise the Vice President of Nigeria, along with several ministers responsible for water resources, environment, humanitarian affairs, agriculture and rural development, transportation, works and housing, power, health, aviation, defense, science, technology and innovation. Other ministries involved are information and culture, interior, finance, budget and national planning, and communication and digital economy. Additionally, representatives from state governments and a council secretariat will be part of the council’s composition.

The Council’s primary role will be to advise the President on flood management matters, including the declaration of a state of emergency, coordination of flood management activities nationwide, and funding related to flood management initiatives.

The State of Emergency Declaration categorizes floods into five levels: imminent, minor, moderate, major, and destructive floods. Each category will be addressed according to specific protocols and response plans.

The Mitigation and Adaptation Plan, derived from extensive situational studies, analysis, field evaluations, and stakeholder interactions, includes ten key strategies to effectively tackle flooding across the country.

“These strategies encompass data acquisition for integrated flood management, coordinated multi-sectoral flood early warning systems, capacity development in flood management, floodplain development and management, environmental protection, infrastructure protection, reservoir operation system for mitigation, collaboration among stakeholders, public awareness and community support, and optimization of flood-related benefits to the national economy”

“With the implementation of this National Strategic Plan for Flood Management, Nigeria aims to proactively address and minimize the devastating effects of future flood disasters, protecting communities and ensuring sustainable development in the face of increasing climate challenges” the Water Minister assured.

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